The Wild West The Wild West refers to the period from the end of the Civil War in 1865 to around 1900. It tells the stories that of pioneers, settlers the cattle kings, the gold mining, railroads and steamboats as well as the cowboys Indians outlaws, and gun slingers. Famous characters from The Wild West include Whyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, Bat Masterson, Billy the Kid The Calamity Jane, Belle Starr. After the first European settlers arrived in America the majority of them move to the west in search of a new beginning with the promise of prosperity. The West provided land, fertile soil for farming , and new opportunities to make money that could not be done elsewhere in the East. For more detail please visit:- https://mobilny-serwis-tir-niemcy.pl https://senxanhevent.vn/ https://andatphat.vn/ https://techgurum.com/ The Two-Fisted Town Tamer Thomas James Smith, also known as "Bear River Smith" (12 June 1830 - 2 November 1870) was a lawyer within the American Wild West and a marshal of the cattle town, Abilene, Kansas. Smith was a quiet lawman with a reputable reputation. He was from New York City, where Smith was an officer of the police. While working as a police officer during the time of his police work in New York City in 1868, Smith was involved in the fatal shooting of a teenager, at which point he was forced to resign. He also worked as an elected lawmaker in small towns like Wyoming, Bear River and in Kit Carson, Colorado. Marshal of Abilene Abilene, Kansas, was an open-air cattle town, that was home to numerous brothels, saloons and even lawlessness. In 1867, crime grown to the point that murder and shootings were a frequent happening. Tom Smith was commissioned as the Deputy US Marshal to bring law and order to Abilene in 1869. He also insisted that he could enforce the law with his fists, not guns. Shortly after his appointment, Smith overpowered both, "Big Hank" Hawkins and "Wyoming Frank" and banished both of them from Abilene after beating them both at the same with his only hands. Smith also introduced an "no guns in the town limits" law that was very controversial. In the subsequent two months, Smith survived two assassination attempts. His reputation for grit and the numerous arrests of lawbreakers helped him to be widely admired and loved by the people of Abilene. On the 2nd of November, 1800, Smith and a temporary deputy went to issue a warrant to Andrew McConnell and Moses Miles regarding the murder of an Abilene citizen. They located the suspects ten miles away from Abilene which is where a gunfight began. Smith was severely wounded in the chest and his deputy left the scene. Moses Miles then took an Axe and cut off Tom Smith. McConnell as well as Miles were arrested and snatched in March 1871. Andrew McConnell got 12 years in prison, and Moses Miles spent 16 years before being released. Tom Smith was buried in Abilene with a massive tombstone was constructed with a plaque to honor his work in Abilene. Smith was substituted as marshal by the legendary lawman and gunfighter "Wild Bill" Hickock. Ronald Reagan, as the host of the western television series that was syndicated, Death Valley Days, was the character Smith in the episode from 1965 "No Gun Behind His Badge". Colter's Run John Colter (c.1770-1775 - May 7, 1812 or November 22 1813) was a mountain man and an explorer who was a part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1803 to 1806 ordered by the President Thomas Jefferson, to explore and map the newly purchased American Northwest from Napoleonic France, and beyond after the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Colter was also the first person who was of European descent to visit the area later to become Yellowstone National Park and to observe the Teton Mountain Range during the winter of 1807-1808. Blackfeet Indians The year 1809 was when Colter teamed up with John Potts, another former participant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition to trap beaver for the lucrative trade in furs near the Jefferson River in what is today Montana in the year 1809. They encountered several hundreds of the notorious Blackfeet Indians while traveling by canoe. The Blackfeet requested that they be brought to shore. Colter complied and was disarmed as well as stripped of his clothes. Potts refused to go on the attack and was shot and wounded. Potts then killed one of the Indian warriors and was immediately plagued by arrows fired by the Indians from the shore. His body was then brought on the shore before being hacked to pieces. Run-For-Life After the Blackfeet deliberated how to kill Colter, the chief was able to permit him to escape for his life, and to be chased by the Indians using spears. They took him to an adjacent plain with a three to four hundred yard lead. Colter was aware that he needed to beat the Blackfeet to have any chance of surviving. He began his run-for-life on the plain and beat the Indians except for one who was only about 20 yards further behind. Determined to avoid the expected spear-throw, he suddenly stopped, turned around, and spread out his arms. The stunned Indian exhausted from running was thrown down when he tried to throw his spear. Colter quickly grabbed the spear, killing him . He continued his run with the other Indians in pursuit at a considerable distance. Colter was able to cross the Madison River, five miles from where he began and then hid in driftwood in a lodge for beavers. He heard the yells of the Blackfeet. He went up and down river to locate him. He waited for the night to pass when he finally awoke to walk naked and frozen, toward a trader's fort. Colter became weaker from the exhaustion and hunger, and he could survive only on roots and bark and was bleeding on his feet from the thorns from a cactus plant that pierced his feet. Amazingly, Colter reached Manuel Lisa's Fort in seven days and Colter was greeted by his friends. After a few weeks when he regained his strength and strength, he returned to the country of Blackfeet this winter to gather the traps he left behind. John Colter lived five more years after his incredible race, but he died from jaundice in Missouri which is where he rests in a grave that is not marked. Alexander Todd Former clerk, Alexander Todd got gold fever and decided to go to California to find his fortune. He quickly realized that he didn't have the physical strength required to stand up to the backbreaking work at the gold fields of the freezing waters of the Mother Lode (rich source of an ore , or mineral). But, it didn't take the time to locate opportunities to earn money without the need to search for gold. California Gold Rush California had grown fast with the gold rush. Getting the letter from San Francisco to the Mother Lode country was challenging. It was the federal government that was sending mail to California via the Isthmus of Panama, a route that was as lengthy and uncertain for mail delivery as was the Forty-Niners (gold seekers in that California gold rush in 1849). Todd explored the mining camps and signed up hundreds of lonely miners who were desperate for a call from home. The nearest post office was in San Francisco which was a two-week drive there and the return trip. The miners didn't want to give up their claim that long so they signed up for mail service. On the 14th of July in 1849 Todd began to deliver mail to the San Francisco post office charging $2.50 a letter and an ounce of gold. $16 for delivery to the person who delivered any mail that he found for addresses within mine camps. On his first trip, he delivered $150,000 in gold to some merchants for a company located in San Francisco and was paid $7,500. After Todd gave the postmaster at the San Francisco post office the long list of names the clerk was able to swear Todd into the position of a postal clerk so that he could look through the letters on his own and charge twenty-five cents each letter he found. The issue didn't bother Todd since he'd discovered another method of earning money. He bought older New York newspapers for a dollar each , and then sold them for $8 back at his gold mines. Another profitable business he launched was the packing of gold from mining camps to deposit it in San Francisco in exchange for five percent of its value. Everything he Did Turned to Gold With no need to use the shovel or a pick, Alexander Todd made a fortune through good old American ingenuity. Charles Marion Russell (1864 - 1926) Charles Marion Russell, "the cowboy artist," storyteller and writer (also known as C. M. Russell, Charlie Russell, and "Kid" Russell) was born in St. Louis, Missouri on March 19, 1864. He was an artist from his time in the American Wild West who created more than 4,000 pieces of art during his lifetime. He created works in bronze, paint, wax, and ink of the cowboy, Indians along with landscapes, set in western Canada, in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada. Russell loved Russell was a fan of the "Wild West" and would read for hours about the region and loved talking to the fur traders and explorers that came through Missouri. He learned to ride horses in Hazel Dell Farm near Jerseyville, Illinois, on a famous Civil War horse named Great Britain from Col. William H. Fulkerson, who had given birth to the Russell family. At the age of sixteen, Russell left school to follow his dream of an adventure in Wild West as a cowboy on a sheep ranch in Montana and then moved on to work with Jake Hoover, a hunter and trapper who had become a rancher. From Hoover He learned a lot about the life of the Wild West and they remained forever friends. In 1882 in the year 1882, when he was eighteen, Russell worked as a cowboy for a number of clothing companies in Montana. It was in 1885 when the artist began his career on his art. In the winter of 1886-1887 when he was working on the O-H Ranch in the Judith Basin of Central Montana the artist created a collection of watercolors. When the foreman of the ranch received an inquiry from the owner asking how the cattle had weathered the winter , he emailed a postcard-sized watercolor that Russell painted of a haggard steer being devoured by wolves under a gloomy winter sky. The owner of the ranch showed the postcard to friends as well as business acquaintances. Eventually, it was displayed in the shop display at Helena, Montana giving Russell his first exposure to publicity and to receiving commissions for new work. His watercolor "Waiting for a Chinook" was his most well-known paintings. Native American Culture It was in 1888 that Russell discovered a lot about Native American culture when he was able to spend in the Blood Indians, a segment of Blackfeet. He was a vocal activist in the cause of Native Americans and supported the Chippewa to get their own reservation in Montana. The year 1916 was the first time Congress passed legislation to create the Rocky Boy Reservation. Marriage In 1892, he moved to Great Falls, Montana and in 1896, he was married to the woman he was to marry, Nancy. From 1904 until the date of his death, 1926, he also modeled 46 subjects to be cast in bronze. His painting from 1914 "When the Land Belonged to God" is the work of an old artist who is looking back at his time in his time in the Wild West.. Worlwide Acclaim Charles Marion Russell had now become a celebrity and gained world-wide praise. * Four Russell paintings were sold for more than $100,000. *"Water Girl (No. 1)," was sold for $220,000. *"Blood Chief" made $200,000. "Portrait of Indian" sold at $150,000. The painting he painted in 1918 Piegans sold for $5.6 million. In 1955 the year 1955, he was inducted into his Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. The Iconic Stetson Hat John Batterson Stetson (May 5 1830 until February 18 19) was an American maker of hats who founded the John B. Stetson Company manufacturing the iconic cowboy hat in 1865 in the Gold Rush. The Stetson is perhaps the most famous hat in the world and is synonymous with the cowboy era. It has become an American classic , similar to apple pie, baseball and Fourth of July. Stetson had his name, John B. Stetson Company with gold embossed on every hatband, and it became the most popular hat brand across the West. The first hat he sold for five dollars . By 1900, he owned the largest hat manufacturer in the world. John B. Stetson John B. Stetson was born in New Jersey, the 8th of 12 children. The father of John Stetson, Stephen Stetson was a hatter so, when he was a child, John worked with him until he was diagnosed with Tuberculosis terminal. In 1859 he left the hat making business in order to explore his passion for his love of the American West and hoped to treat tuberculosis in the natural setting. There, he worked in the Gold Rush at Pike's Peak, Colorado, where an estimated 100,000 gold seekers took part in one the largest the gold rushes that have occurred in North American history. While in the West, Stetson also met cattlemen, bullwhackers, and drovers and observed their coonskin flea-infested caps, sea-captain caps, straw hats, and wool derbies worn by many offered no protection. He thought it was more appropriate to wear an all-weather, hat that would be better suited to the harsh surroundings in the West and decided to invent an all-weather, waterproof felt hat that was sturdy, light and natural with an eight-inch crown as well as a wide brist with a plain strap.